Marine anthropogenic litter
Clasificación: TD 427 .M35 M338 2015 | Agregado: 07/10/2020
editado por Melanie Bergamann, Lars Gutow, Michael Klages. -- Cham : Springer : Alfred-Wegener-Institut : University of Gothenburg, 2015.
xviii, 447 p.; 24 cm.
Incluye referencias bibliográficas.
Contenido: A brief history of marine litter research -- Abiotic aspects of marine litter pollution -- Global distribution, composition and abundance of marine litter -- Persistence of plastic litter in the oceans -- Biological implications of marine litter -- Deleterious effects of litter on marine life -- The complex mixture, fate and toxicity of chemicals associated with plastic debris in the marine environment -- Marine litter as habitat and dispersal vector -- Microplastics -- Microplastics in the marine environment: sources, consequences and solutions -- Methodology used for the detection and identification of microplastics--a critical appraisal -- Sources and pathways of microplastics to habitats -- Microplastics in the marine environment: distribution, interactions and effects -- Modeling the role of microplastics in bioaccumulation of organic chemicals to marine aquatic organisms. A critical review -- Nanoplastics in the aquatic environment. Critical review -- Socio-economic implications of marine anthropogenic litter -- Micro- and nano-plastics and human health -- The economics of marine litter -- Regulation and management of marine litter -- The contribution of citizen scientists to the monitoring of marine litter.
This book describes how man-made litter, primarily plastic, has spread into the remotest parts of the oceans and covers all aspects of this pollution problem from the impacts on wildlife and human health to socio-economic and political issues. Marine litter is a prime threat to marine wildlife, habitats and food webs worldwide. The book illustrates how advanced technologies from deep-sea research, microbiology and mathematic modelling as well as classic beach litter counts by volunteers contributed to the broad awareness of marine litter as a problem of global significance. The authors summarise more than five decades of marine litter research, which receives growing attention after the recent discovery of great oceanic garbage patches and the ubiquity of microscopic plastic particles in marine organisms and habitats. In 16 chapters, authors from all over the world have created a universal view on the diverse field of marine litter pollution, the biological impacts, dedicated research activities, and the various national and international legislative efforts to combat this environmental problem. They recommend future research directions necessary for a comprehensive understanding of this environmental issue and the development of efficient management strategies. This book addresses scientists, and it provides a solid knowledge base for policy makers, NGOs, and the broader public.